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Private Tours and Group Trips through ancient Egypt
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It is always recommended to read and check the following information BEFORE you go on holiday.

Travel papers

Of course you will need a valid passport. From the day of departure from Egypt, your passport still needs to be valid for 6 months. You will need to buy a visa at the airport, as soon as you arrive (costs between € 15,- and $ 20,-)


Vaccinations are not mandatory for Egypt, but it can be recommended to check you countries policies. Lots of people get diarrhea, it's therefore recommended to take something against this with you. The water from the tap is NOT drinkable, but cheap bottles of mineral water can be found everywhere.


The official currency of Egypt is the Egyptian Pound. The Pound is divided into 100 Piaster. The exchange rate can be found here.

ATM's can be found everywhere in Egypt and all bankcards are valid. Many small banks offices can be found throughout the country. Banks are closed on Fridays and Saturdays.

Be sure to take some cash money with you! You will have to pay for the optional excursions (if you didn't pre-book them) in cash!. You might also want some cash just in case you want to buy something on your journey. You will also be able to exchange dollars and euro's at some shops or restaurants, but they will not give you a preferable rate.

Pay attention: It is not possible to pay with creditcard or bankcard on board of the Nile Cruise boat.

Tipping & Baksheesh

In Egypt, tipping is normal. It's good to have some small change on you for these situations. During the tours, you will also need to tip the people that 'work' for your holiday. But to make it easy for everyone, we do this by putting money in a "tipping pot/bag" everyday. The tourmanager will pay and tip the workers, the cars, the guides, etc etc. out of this pot/jar.

The overal payment shall not be more than 250 LE per person per tour, and it's mandatory! Don't forget to remember this when you pack, get cash money and leave your house.


The main language in Egypt is Arabic (Egyptian Arabic). Most people in Cairo, and other larger cities, can speak some English. Outside of the big cities, there are not many people that can understand English, except for the touristic places along the Red Sea.


The Egyptian electricity is 220 volts. Be aware of this, and bring an adapter if you need one. Also take care of the shape of the plugs, sockets are 'European'. Bring an universal plug if you are not sure.


84% of the Egyptians is Muslim and 15 % is Coptic Christian.

Facts & Numbers

Official name: Arabic Republic of Egypt.
Capital: Cairo.
Official language: Egyptian Arabic.
Population: 63,6 million.
Surface: 1.001.449 km².
Administrative arragement: 26 provincies.
Highest point: Mount Saint Catherine: 2642 m.
Biggest rivir: The Nile.
Religion: Islam.
Flag: Three equal horizontal parts; red on top, white in middle and black under. On the white part is an image of a golden eagle.
Nation: Republic.
Head of state: A still to be elected president :)


The best time to visit Cairo is during the winter from November to March, when daytime highs generally stay below 25°C, with nighttime lows around 10°C with occasional rain showers clearing the air. (Don't bother packing an umbrella: even the rainiest months of the year rarely top 5 mm.) If visiting during winter, be aware that not all buildings, including some hotels and hostels, are equipped with heaters. Visitors should always pack a few warm jumpers and a warm jacket for evening wear. The brief spring from March to May can be pleasant, but summer temperatures, on the other hand, can reach a searing 38°C, which is compounded by the city's terrible pollution which is at its worst in the fall before the rain

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Greeting people

When you approach any individual or a group of people for the first time, the best thing to say is the local variation of the Islamic form of greeting "Es-Salāmu-`Alēku" which literally means "Peace be upon you". This is the most common form of saying "hello" to anybody. It creates a friendliness between you and people you don't know, builds rapport, and helps build respect! It is also considered polite to say this if you approach someone, instead of just asking them for something or speaking to them directly.

Other forms of greeting include "SàbâH el-xēr" ("good morning"), "masā’ el-xēr" ("good evening"), or the more casual "izayak" addressing a male, or "izayik" addressing a female, which means "hello" or "how are you?".

When leaving, you can say the same "Es Salamu Aleykom", or simply "Maa Salama", literally: "with safety" or "with wellness" which is used to mean to say "goodbye". More educated Egyptians will say "bye-bye" derived from the English "goodbye" or "buh-bye" when leaving others.

Smiling: Most people appreciate a smile, and most Egyptians smile when they speak to someone for the first time. People who don't smile while they speak are considered arrogant, rude, aggressive, unfriendly, etc.

However, be careful not to be too friendly or too smiley, especially if you're a female speaking to an Egyptian male, as they might mistake you for trying to befriend them or asking for them to flirt or hit on you. Even in a male-to-male conversation, being too friendly might give the other person the chance to try to take advantage of you some way or another. Always use common sense.

Tone of voice

Most Egyptians tend to have a loud voice when they speak, which is common to some other countries in the region. They are not shouting, but you will know the difference.

Expressing your opinion

Egypt is a predominantly Muslim country, so say nothing that might be perceived as an insult to Islam or the Egyptian culture. The same applies to any mention of the Middle East as a whole. Your best option is to not discuss religion or politics from a Western point of view at all.

Dress code

Women and men should wear modest clothing. It is considered disrespectful to the mainly conservative Muslim inhabitants to see visitors walking around wearing clothing which reveal thighs, shoulders, bare backs or cleavage, except at beaches and hotels. Men should also not walk about bare chested or wearing very short shorts outside of hotels or beach resorts.

People do generally tend to dress more liberally at beach resorts, nightclubs, social outings, weddings, or when engaging in any sport, but there are no places to practice nudism or naturism as being nude in public.

Mosque etiquette

Do not enter a mosque with any form of shoes, sandals, slippers, boots, etc. on., as this is very disrespectful. Always take them off before entering as they carry the dirt from the street, and the mosque (a place of prayer) should be clean. However, you can keep socks on.

Etiquette in the Presence of Prayer

Also, avoid walking in front of persons in prayer. The reason is because when people kneel, they kneel to God. If you stand in front of someone while they are praying or kneeling, it is as if they are kneeling to you or worshipping you, a complete taboo and against the basic foundations of Islam. Otherwise, it is quite acceptable for visitors or Christian Egyptians to carry on as normal in the streets or shops that operate during prayer times.

Public display of affection

Like most other countries in the Muslim world, the Middle East, and even some non-Muslim conservative countries, affection should not be displayed in public. Egyptians are conservative and doing things like making out with your girlfriend/boyfriend in public is considered offensive, rude, or disrespectful. A public hug is less offensive, especially if greeting a spouse or family member you haven't seen in a while.

You will notice male-to-male kissing on the cheeks when Egyptian men meet their friends, family, or someone they know well. This is not to be confused with the male-to-male kissing of some homosexuals in some western countries. Some Egyptian men like to walk next to their male friend with their arms attached together like a loop inside another loop. Again, this is not homosexual behavior.

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